UNC Health Care

Category: Substance Abuse

Spectrogram of an infant cry provided by Elizabeth Cox-Lippard

October 22, 2014

Baby cries show evidence of cocaine exposure during pregnancy

The cries of babies whose mothers used cocaine during pregnancy have increased amounts of “hyperphonation,” a new study finds.

Research, Substance Abuse

Read Article
Prescription pill bottles with different medications.

May 15, 2014

Medications can help adults with alcohol use disorders reduce drinking

Although alcohol use disorders are associated with many health problems, including cancers, stroke and depression, fewer than one-third of people with the disorders receive any treatment and less than 10 percent receive medications to help reduce alcohol consumption.

Mental Health, Research, Substance Abuse

Read Article
Illustration of the concept of the thought process with colorful circles and arrows pointing to other circles with question marks.

March 4, 2014

Protocol developed by UNC researchers reduces alcohol-related hospi...

The new protocol helps health care providers determine which patients need hospital admission and those whose needs can be met with outpatient treatment.

Substance Abuse

Read Article
Thomas Kash

September 4, 2012

Heavy drinking rewires brain, increasing susceptibility to anxiety ...

After chronic alcohol exposure, mice are unable to control a learned fear response, shedding light on the link between alcoholism and anxiety problems like post-traumatic stress disorder.

Mental Health, Research, Substance Abuse

Read Article
This image depicts the facial features of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).  Source: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).

August 23, 2012

Imaging study sheds new light on alcohol-related birth defects

The new imaging study in a mouse model for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders could enhance the diagnoses of birth defects caused by alcohol exposure in the womb and it illustrates how the precise timing of that exposure could determine specific kinds of defects.

Pregnancy, Studies, Substance Abuse

Read Article
In October 2011

July 23, 2012

Synthetic stimulants called ‘bath salts’ act in the brain like cocaine

The effects on the brain’s reward circuits of the drug mephedrone are comparable to those of cocaine, which supports the argument that the synthetic drugs be made illegal permanently.

Studies, Substance Abuse

Read Article
Photo illustration of baby getting a bath

June 4, 2012

Baby wash products linked to false positive screening results for m...

Sleuthing by a multidisciplinary team at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine and UNC Hospitals revealed the culprit behind an unexpected spike in “false positive” cannabis exposure screening results.

Pregnancy, Studies, Substance Abuse

Read Article
On the left panel

March 21, 2012

Structure of ‘Salvia’ receptor solved

A research team has determined the structure of the kappa-opioid receptor — site of action of the widely abused hallucinogen Salvia divinorum – solving longstanding scientific mysteries and offering new insights for treating drug addiction, chronic pain and depression.

Genetics, Research, Substance Abuse

Read Article
An illustration of a person trapped in a medicine bottle.

April 25, 2011

Narcotic pain relief drug overdose deaths a national epidemic

Approximately 27,500 people died from unintentional drug overdoses in 2007, driven to a large extent by prescription opioid overdoses. This is 4.6 times as many deaths as all U.S. fatalities in both Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.

Mental Health, Substance Abuse, Treatment

Read Article
Photo illustration of an alcoholic drink with a skull inside.

February 14, 2008

Low-intensity therapy plus medication may provide more accessible t...

CHAPEL HILL - Low-intensity therapy offered by medical doctors, combined with either medication or specialized behavior therapy, can effectively treat alcoholism, making treatment more readily available to people who need it, according to a study conducted by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and numerous other sites nationwide.

Research, Studies, Substance Abuse, Treatment

Read Article