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Healthcare professional in protective gloves & workwear holding & organising a tray of COVID-19 vaccine vials. The professional is carrying out researches on COVID-19 vaccine in laboratory.

The COVID-19 Vaccines Are Here—Now What?

As you may have heard, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has released the first coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines, made by Pfizer and Moderna, under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA).

So what does this mean for you?

Everyone who wants a vaccine will eventually get one. However, supplies will be limited for several months. Health experts have recommended vaccinating those most at risk first. Healthcare workers fighting COVID-19 are the first group to get the vaccines. Staff and residents at nursing homes and elder-care facilities come next. More people will get the vaccines as supply increases throughout 2021; at some point, it will be available to everyone.

We talked to UNC Health infectious disease expert Cynthia Gay, MD, MPH, who leads the Moderna clinical trial at UNC, about what you should do before and after you get the COVID-19 vaccines.

What to Do While You’re Waiting for a COVID-19 Vaccine

Vaccines are one important tool in our toolkit to fight COVID-19, but we still need to use all of our tools if we hope to end this pandemic. This means it’s still important to adhere to the following safety measures:

“We know that these things are effective,” Dr. Gay says. “We need to take the same precautions we’ve been taking because we know they work.”

How will you know when it’s your turn? Pay attention to guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and information from trusted news sources. You also can ask your doctor.

Finally, try the best you can to maintain your motivation to follow public health guidance and reduce transmission of the virus. We are living through the most difficult and deadly period of the pandemic so far, and the winter will be long. The vaccines give us a reason to hope that we can return to a more normal existence in the near future, but we need to hold on for now.

What You Should Do After You Receive a COVID-19 Vaccine

Even after you get vaccinated, you will still need to take the same precautions you were taking prior to receiving the vaccine—wearing a mask, washing your hands and staying 6 feet apart from others.

“Even some time after we get the vaccine, we will need to continue doing those things because not everyone will get vaccinated,” Dr. Gays says. “Also, vaccines are not 100 percent protective, and we don’t yet know if they will prevent asymptomatic infection.”

That means that while the vaccines are 95 percent effective in preventing symptomatic cases of COVID-19, we don’t yet know if they prevent spreading the virus to others even if you don’t have any symptoms.

“I don’t think anyone wants to relax the precautions, get the infection, even if they have no symptoms, pass it along to someone else who’s at risk for severe disease and could get quite sick,” Dr. Gay says. “We’ll get to where we want to be much quicker if everybody follows all the recommended precautions, including getting the vaccine when they’re eligible.”


Click here for the latest information on the COVID-19 vaccines or visit the CDC website and the UNC Health COVID-19 Resources page, and follow UNC Health on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and YouTube.

Photo credit: © Images By Tang Ming Tung – gettyimages.com